Anvil Beneath Ankh Cross 4-5th c.Dorey, The Nummo p. 45
The importance of this picture from the Codex Glazier, which is a 4th-5th century manuscript of the New Testament in Coptic, is that it shows an anvil beneath an ankh cross. This image from the Codex, which contains text of Book of Acts 1:1-15:3, is a rare depiction.Dorey, The Nummo p. 46 This is because the anvil is a symbol of the female in pagan religions.
According to the Dogon elder Ogotemmêli, the alien Nummo were hermaphrodites and the hammer and anvil together were a symbol of the Nummo. The anvil symbolized the female aspect of the androgynous Nummo, while the hammer or cross represented the male aspect. The sides of the cross or hammer were the Nummos' outstretched arms, the crosses' round top was the Nummos' head, the middle was the Nummos' chest, and the bottom was the Nummos' tail.Dorey, The Nummo p. 24
Because the anvil was associated with the sacred feminine, it was later removed from Christian manuscripts.
The dual birds, on the ankh cross from the Codex Glazier, symbolize the Nummo who were hermaphrodites or "twins". The cock or rooster, which is a symbol of single sexed males, the Jackal, and the first human in the Dogon religion, appears in the center top of the ankh cross. The cock was used as a nickname for medieval and Renaissance-era masons and my research shows that the Dogon hammer, which symbolized the male aspect of the Nummo, later became the Masonic hammer.
I believe it was also the source for the title of the witch's hunter's manual Malleus Maleficarum (Latin for The Hammer of Witches), which remained in use for 300 years and had tremendous influence in the witch trials in England and on the continent.See Chapter 22, The Witch's Hammer, in Day of the Fish p. 281
Abernethy Pictish Stone by Robert HillShannon Dorey, The Nummo p. 25
I found several anvils on Celtic Pictish stones in Scotland when I was there doing research a few years ago, including this one at Abernethy Village, Scotland, which was the principal seat of the Pictish kingdom. The anvil also appears in Welsh myths that were the basis of the Arthurian legends.
The Sword in the AnvilDorey, The Nummo p. 44 by Howard Pyle http://www.oldbookart.com
We get the famous image of the sword stuck in an anvil on top of a stone from the Arthurian version of the story told by Robert de Boron. His introduction of an anvil on top of a stone is also found in his Merlin.Dorey, The Nummo p. 44
The sword symbolized justice, and the stone represented Christianity. By pulling the sword from the stone, Arthur was agreeing to pursue justice in the name of Christianity. Later writers would omit this connection as well as the anvil and portray the Sword in the Stone as a test arranged by Merlin to prove Arthur was the true king." If we relate the pulling of the sword from the anvil to the Dogon religion, it represents the severing of the Nummos' androgynous essence into single sexed beings, which signified the creation of humanity.Dorey, The Nummo Chapter 3, The Arthurian Mythos pp. 32-50
Hammer, Anvil and FishShannon Dorey, The Nummo, p. 49 Robert Eisler. Plate XXII. Figure 4 to page 37 note.Orpheus the Fisher: Comparative Studies in Orphic and Early Christian Cult Symbolism.
The hammer, anvil, and fish appear along with a Phoenician inscription on this stone. Around 1050 BCE, the Phoenician alphabet became one of the most widely used writing systems. Spread by Phoenician merchants across the Mediterranean world, it evolved and was assimilated by many other cultures. The Phoenician civilization existed in the Mediterranean region between 1500 BCE and 300 BCE.Shannon Dorey, The Nummo, p. 49
Dual Hammers, Anvils and Doves with FishShannon Dorey, The Nummo, p. 45 Eisler Figure 5 to p. 37 note. Plate XXII.
Dual hammers, anvils and twin birds also appear in the Christian Catacomb of Priscilla dated from the 2nd to 4th century. According to Robert Eisler, the birds are doves. A fish, a symbol of the Nummo and the Mistress of Speech, is found joining the two sections. The duality of these images symbolizes androgyny and hence immortality.
The hammer striking the anvil in the Dogon Smithy symbolized the alien Nummo bringing a divine note into human disorder.Shannon Dorey, The Nummo, p. 91